Equipments
  1. Drinking systems.
  2. Providing clean, cool water with adequate flow rate is fundamental to good poultry production. Without adequate water intake, feed consumption will decline and bird performance will be compromised. Both closed and open water systems are commonly used and include:

    AGE TYPE RECOMMENDED WATER SPACE
    Day 1 to day 21 Chick drinkers 80 chicks per drinker
    Day 21 to slaughter Adult manual drinkers 50 birds per drinker
    Automatic drinkers 80 – 100 per drinker
    Nipple drinkers 8-10 birds per nipple
  3. water meters
  4. water storage tanks
  5. Feeding systems
  6.  
    Regardless of which type of feeding system is used, the most important points to consider in selection of feeders are:

    • Feeding space
    • Accessibility
    • Feed wastage (spillage and contamination)

     

    Commonly used feeders are:

    AGE FEEDER TYPE RECOMMENDED FEEDER SPACE
    Day 1 – day 10 Chick tray 50 chicks per tray
    Day 10 – day 21 Chick feeder 50 chicks per feeder
    Day 21 – end of production / slaughter Tube feeder 30-50 birds per feeder
    Trough feeder 5cm per bird (minimum)
  7. Heating systems
  8.  
    Heating systems used are:

    1. Brooding jiko
    2. Gas brooder
    3. Electricity